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LED over 55 gallon tank

LED Lighting

LED Lighting has many advantages over other types of lighting for freshwater, brackish,  and marine aquarium applications. First of all, LED stands for Light Emitting Diode. A diode is an electrical component that has two terminals that conduct energy in only one direction. When an electrical current is applied to a diode, it excites the […]

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Green Phantom Pleco (Hemiancistrus subviridis) L200

Green Phantom Pleco (Hemiancistrus subviridis) L200

The Green Phantom Pleco (Hemiancistrus subviridis) L200 is only collected from the areas around the junction of the río Ventauri and the río Orinoco in Amazonas state, Venezuela, and in the lower reaches of the Ventauri as far as the inward flowing río Guapuchi. The Green Phantom Pleco is found in fast moving, highly oxygenated, […]

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Flash Pleco (Panaqolus albivermis) L204

Flash Pleco (Panaqolus albivermis) L204

The Flash Pleco (Panaqolus albivermis) L204 also known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Emperor Pleco, is native to the Rio Alejandro in Peru where they occur in the upper Amazon, Marañón, Ucayali, upper and Middle Ucayali river systems. The Emperor Pleco is an armored suckermouth catfish belong to the Genus Panaque. They have […]

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Rhombo Barb (Desmopuntius rhomboocellatus)

Rhombo Barb (Desmopuntius rhomboocellatus)

The Rhombo Barb (Desmopuntius rhomboocellatus) known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Snakeskin Barb, Red Ocellated Barb, or Rhomb Barb is native to West and Central Kalimantan in Borneo, Indonesia. Rhombo Barbs are a peaceful schooling species that thrive in the tannin stained backwaters of their range.   They are typically collected in still water […]

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Redtail Botia Loach (Botia modesta)

Redtail Botia Loach (Botia modesta)

The Redtail Botia Loach (Botia modesta) a.k.a. Yasuhikotakia modesta, is also known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Blue Botia,  is collected throughout the lower Mekong River basin in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam and the Chao Phray and Mae Klong drainages in central and western Thailand. Redtail Botia Loaches are common throughout their […]

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Posted in Featured Articles, Freshwater Fish, Loaches, Tropical Fish Keeping, Tropical Fish Species1 Comment

Adolfo’s Cory Group (Corydoras Adolfoi)

Adolfo’s Cory (Corydoras Adolfoi)

Adolfo’s Cory (Corydoras Adolfoi) are a small peaceful Corydora species found in a small tributrary of the upper Rio Negro basin near São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Brazil’.   Unsubstantiated sources report that it also occurs in the Rio Uaupés, a tributary 0f the Rio Negro in Colombia. Adolfo’s Cory live in slow moving, tea colored blackwater […]

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Posted in Catfish, Corydoras, Featured Articles, Freshwater Fish, Tropical Fish Keeping, Tropical Fish Species0 Comments

Gertrudae Rainbow (Pseudomugil gertrudae)

Gertrudae Rainbow (Pseudomugil gertrudae)

The Gertrudae Rainbow (Pseudomugil gertrudae) known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Spotted Blue Eye is found in the northern part of Australia and southern Indonesia. The Gertrudea Rainbow prefers living in the shallow, marginal zones of densely vegetated, standing or slow moving waters of creeks, small streams, lakes, billabongs, and swamps in the […]

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African Red Eye Tetra (arnoldichthys spilopterus) pair

African Red Eye Tetra (arnoldichthys spilopterus)

 African Red Eye Tetra (arnoldichthys spilopterus) known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Niger Tetra or Large-Scaled African Characin is found in the Niger and Ogun river systems in Nigeria, Africa. Because of pollution and deforestation, African Red Eye Tetras are scarce in the aquarium hobby and are only found in 10 areas […]

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Flame Goby (Rhinogobius Zhoui) Pair

Flame Goby (Rhinogobius Zhoui)

The Flame Goby (Rhinogobius Zhoui) is a small freshwater species that is also known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Chinese Vermilion Goby, Scarlet Goby, or Zhou’s Scarlet Goby. The Flame Goby is collected from one fast flowing stream that originates from the Lianhua Mountain, Haifeng County, Guangdong Province, in China. In it’s natural […]

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Hognose Brochus (Brochus Multiradiatus)

Hognose Brochus (Brochus Multiradiatus)

The Hognose Brochus (Brochus Multiradiatus) also known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Armor Moth or Long Finned Brochis is native to the northwestern Amazon Basin in Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.    They are locally collected from tributaries of the Río Lagartococha near the town of Garza-Cocha, in the upper Río Napo system, of […]

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Fire Ring Danio (Brachydanio kyathit) School

Fire Ring Danio (Brachydanio kyathit)

The Fire Ring Danio (Brachydanio kyathit) known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Red Fin Danio, Orange Fin Danio, or Ocelot Danio, was discovered in 2006 in Myanmar (Burma) in Southeast Asia. Native to the upper regions of three right bank tributaries of the upper Ayeyarwaddy near Myitkyina, the Hpa-Lap Chaung, Mogaung, and Chindwin […]

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Posted in Danios and Minnows, Featured Articles, Freshwater Fish, Tropical Fish Keeping, Tropical Fish Species0 Comments

Leopard Catfish (Perrunichthys perruno)

Leopard Catfish (Perrunichthys perruno)

Leopard Catfish (Perrunichthys perruno) also known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as Perruno Catfish or Reticulated Pimelodid are native to Colombia and Venezuela, where they occurs in the Lake Maracaibo basin and Rio Negro system.   It is the only catfish species in the order Siluriformes of the monotypic genus Perrunichthys. Juvenile Leopard Catfish are occasionally […]

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Cobalt Blue Goby (Stiphodon semoni)

Cobalt Blue Goby (Stiphodon semoni)

The Cobalt Blue Goby (Stiphodon semoni) considered by many tropical fish keeping enthusiasts to be one of the most colorful freshwater gobies in the genus Stiphodon, is found in West Papua, Indonesia. It range extends from Ambon Island chain, South Molucca Islands, east from western Sumatra across most of Indonesia, Northern Papua New Guinea, and […]

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Red Shoulder Severum (Heros efasciatus)

Severum (Heros efasciatus)

          Severum (Heros efasciatus) known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as Green Severum, Red Spotted Severum, Golden Severum, Hero Cichlid, and Banded Cichlid are found throughout the main channel of the Amazon, the rio Solimoes, and rio Xingu in South America. Often confused with Heros severus, (previously known as Cichlasoma severum) […]

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Posted in Cichlids, Featured Articles, Freshwater Fish, South American Cichlids, Tropical Fish Keeping, Tropical Fish Species0 Comments

Grindal Worm (enchytraeus Buchholzi)

Grindal Worm (enchytraeus Buchholzi)

Grindal Worm (enchytraeus Buchholzi) are small white non parasitic worms that are closely related to earthworms and about one third the size of white worms. Smaller than white worms, grindal worms grow to a little over 1/4″ in length and have a nutritional value of about 70% protein and 14% fat, which makes them a valuable […]

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Posted in Featured Articles, Live Foods, Tropical Fish Keeping0 Comments

Pink Tail Chalceus (Chalceus macrolepidetus)

Pink Tail Chalceus (Chalceus macrolepidetus)

The Pink Tail Chalceus (Chalceus macrolepidetus) is found in highly oxygenated rivers and streams throughout northern South America in Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Pink Tail Chalceus are considered a rare import and because of their large size are not usually kept by tropical fish keeping enthusiasts. Pink Tail Chalceus are long […]

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Posted in Featured Articles, Freshwater Fish, Oddball Fish, Tropical Fish Keeping, Tropical Fish Species0 Comments

Leopard Cactus Plecos L-600 (Pseudocanthicus leopardus)

Leopard Cactus Pleco L-600/LDA-73 (Pseudocanthicus leopardus)

The Leopard Cactus Pleco L-600/LDA-73 (Pseudocanthicus leopardus) is also known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Redtail Leopard Plecostomus and is found in the rio Branco, a tributary in the rio Negro basin in the Amazonas state of Brazil. The Leopard Cactus Plecos L-600 is one of the sharp, spiked pseudo species that become […]

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Leopard Cactus Pleco (Pseudocanthicus leopardus)

Leopard “Cactus” Pleco L-114 (LDA07) (Pseudocanthicus leopardus)

The Leopard Cactus Pleco L-114 (Pseudocanthicus leopardus) is also known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Demini Pleco, Redtail Leopard Plecostomus, or Leopard Acanthicus and is found in the rio Demini, a northern tributary in the rio Negro basin in the Amazonas state of Brazil. Leopard Cactus Plecos have also been tentatively identified in […]

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Shark Fin Mussel (Hyriopsis bialatus)

Shark Fin Mussel (Hyriopsis bialatus)

The freshwater Shark Fin Mussel (Hyriopsis bialatus) known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Shark Tooth Clam, Sailfin Clam, Pearl Mussel, Shark Tooth Mussel, or Shark Fin Shell is native to Southeast Asia and most frequently found in the sandy river bottoms of Thailand, Cambodia, and the Malay Peninsula. In Thailand, Hyriopsis bialata is aquacultured […]

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Posted in Featured Articles, Freshwater Invertebrates & Amphibians, Tropical Fish Keeping0 Comments

Redtail Catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus)

Redtail Catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus)

The South American Redtail Catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus) known to tropical fish keeping enthusiasts simply as the “Red Tail Cat“, Cajaro, or Pirarara is native to the Amazon, Essequibo, and Orinoco river basins in South America.   It is collected as juveniles for the aquarium trade from the larger rivers, streams, lakes, and flooded forest throughout Bolivia, […]

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